About the Scheme
PMKVY is a government scheme to boost the Indian economy by providing employable skills and knowledge to the youth of the country.
The Scheme has been initiated by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).
The major objective of PMKVY is to cover 10 million youth during the period 2016 -2020. The scheme is basically a Skill Certification Scheme to enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industrial skill training.
This certification will help them to get a better livelihood for themselves and in turn, they can contribute to boosting the Indian economy as well.
India is a developing country with 22% of the population below the poverty line. Thus PMKVY is a government initiative that aims to develop the skills of the people who are focused to increase their incomes and grow. The Scheme includes skilling of those who are educated, such as college/school dropouts and are unemployed.
Eligible Beneficiaries of PMKVY
The scheme only applies to the Indian nationals who are:
- College/school pass-outs/ dropouts.
To avail the benefits through the scheme one should have identity proof – Aadhaar / Voter ID and a bank account on their name as well.
Key Components of PMKVY
Under PMKVY there are different Training Centers in different regions to provide training to the youth. This training includes business training, entrepreneurship training, soft skill development, and monetary and digital literacy. The training provided helps many jobless individuals and school or school dropouts to get a job and earn their livelihood in a better way. The training program goes under the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF). The time period of the training program under this scheme is between 150 – 300 hours.
Recognition of Prior Learning
RPL is another attractive component of PMKVY.
PMKVY issues certificates recognizing any prior learning experiences of an individual.
Individuals are assessed by the assessment bodies accredited by the Sector Skill Councils (SSCs).
RPL gives certified candidates INR 500 along with exposure to concepts of digital and non-digital work.
Markets demands change very frequently and this program helps individuals to remain relevant to the demands.
Under the special project’s component of PMKVY, training is provided in special areas such as Government bodies, industry bodies, and corporate offices as well.
The training provided is for the special job roles which are not defined under available Qualification Packs (QPs)/National Occupational Standards (NOSs). The terms and conditions for the special projects are slightly different from the short-term training for any stakeholder. The proposing stakeholder can be either Government Institutions of Central or state government(s)/Autonomous Body or any other equivalent body or corporates who desire to provide training to candidates.
Kaushal and Rozgar Mela
Social mobilization is basic for the success of PMKVY. Dynamic support of the community guarantees straightforwardness and responsibility, and aids in utilizing the aggregate information on the network for better working. Following this, PMKVY doles out extraordinary significance to the contribution of the objective recipients through a characterized preparation process. TPs will lead to Kaushal and Rozgar Melas at regular intervals with press/media inclusion; they are additionally required to partake effectively in National Career Service Melas and on-ground exercises.
Efforts are made by the PMKVY TCs to provide placement opportunities to candidates trained and certified under the Scheme. Under the placement guidelines, PMKVY’s training partners provide placement opportunities to individuals certified under this scheme. Training partners act as support for the development of entrepreneurs.
To ensure high standard quality maintenance by PMKVY TCs, NSDC and empanelled Inspection Agencies use various methodologies which include self-audit reporting, call validations, surprise visits, and monitoring through the Skills Development Management System (SDMS). These methodologies shall be enhanced with the engagement and introduction of the latest and new technologies.
PMKVY is implemented through National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).
Central/State Government affiliated training providers are also used to provide training under this scheme.
All training providers need to register on the SMART portal before being eligible for participating under this scheme.